“Green Infrastructure” is an idea emerging in many European regions where new approaches to biodiversity conservation are developed as part of a wider policy framework in this area and its implementation. Green Infrastructure aims to preserve biodiversity, enhancing connectivity and sustainability of ecosystems, while helping to adapt to climate change and reducing vulnerability to natural disasters. Green infrastructure also contributes to the creation of a sustainable economy by maintaining the functions of ecosystems and reducing the harmful effects of transport and energy infrastructure as well as economic development in general.
Traditionally, the conservation of biodiversity has been done through nature protection methods formulated separately from more general policies for economic development and land use. Green infrastructure places the preservation of biodiversity in a wider policy framework in which the main nature conservation objectives are achieved in close cooperation with measures in areas such as agriculture, urban development, transport, recreation and adaptation to climate change.
The concept of green infrastructure was introduced by the European Commission’s White Paper on Adapting to Climate Change in 2009. It points out that green infrastructure is “necessary to reduce fragmentation and unsustainable land use both inside and outside Natura 2000 areas, and respond to the need and the many benefits of maintaining and restoring ecosystem functions. “
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