There are many unique, centuries-old buildings in the world that remind us of old cultures. Many of them are intriguing so far – scientists have not yet responded to all the questions they are having. It only proves that the past of ancient civilizations is magnificent and enigmatic.
- Petra, Jordan
Petra is an archaeological site located in Jordan. This area is famous for rock formations, which include the palace and magnificent sculptures. Scientists say that this mysterious city hidden in the cliffs has been there for thousands of years. The palace is hollowed in the rocks about 200 m. before our era. It is known that this place was the capital city of the Nabateans, lived there before Christ. There is not much information about Nabateans, the scientists have information, that the representatives of this tribe promoted monotheistic religion, had their own language, written letters, and developed arts.
- Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu, located in the present Peruvian territory, is a mysterious city of Incas civilization. The name of this city means the “old mountain”. Interestingly, Machu Picchu was found not so long ago – only in 1911. Scientists say that the Incas established this city in about 1440, and it survived until 1532 when the Incas territories were occupied by the Spanish conquistadors.
- Angkor Wat, Cambodia
One of the world’s largest temples hidden in exotic Cambodia. Angkor Wat is a huge Hindu temple complex that was built in the 9th-15th centuries. Interestingly, a huge building is like a copy of the entire Hindus world. The outer walls of the temple symbolize the mountains surrounding the world. On the outside of these walls is a wide groove. It symbolizes the ocean beyond the ocean. The main temple tower in the center of the complex is like the holy hill of Meru, which in Hinduism is known as the gods’ home.
- Chichen Itza, Mexico
In Mexico, in the state of Yucatan, a vast temple town of the mysterious times of Mayan civilization is hiding. Chichen Ica is a true masterpiece of Mayan. The most famous pyramid of this city – the Kukulkan Pyramid – was built to carry out the function of the calendar. Do you ask how is this possible? Mayans were clever astronomers and mathematicians. They built a four-walls pyramid and built a staircase on each wall. Total of such stairs is 364, and with the addition of the upper tier, 365 stairs are obtained – as many as there are days per year. The pyramid was built on observation of cosmic bodies – impressive, right?
- Karnak Temple Complex, Egypt
Probably thinking about Ancient Egypt, you first remember the impressive Egyptian pyramids. However, there is another great legacy of this civilization – a complex of temples, obelisks, and statues of Karnak dedicated to Egyptian gods and pharaohs. Written sources say that the complex, built before our era, once admired by the buildings decorated with gold and silver. Today the precious metal decorations are gone, however, there is really something to admire here: Sphinx Avenue, columns, impressive sculptures, temple walls. This area testifies to the power of ancient Egyptian civilization.
- Borobudur, Indonesia
In Indonesia, on the island of Java, is the largest Buddhist temple in Southeast Asia. Borobudur was built around the 750th year of our era in the management of the Celtic dynasty. For almost 200 years, this magnificent building was the center of Buddhist religion in the island of Java. The decoration of the temple seeks to replicate the concept of the Buddhist universe.
The terrace is decorated with even 504 Buddha sculptures. Interestingly, Borobudur was discovered only in the 19th-century middle. At that time, the whole temple was hiding behind the volcano ash layer. The cleaning work lasted about twenty years, and today, Borobudur is perhaps the most popular place to visit throughout the island of Java.
- Tikal, Guatemala
Another Mayan miracle, Tikal. Thousands of buildings have survived in this Mayan city, of which only a small percentage the archaeologists have studied. Most of the buildings in Tikal are still covered by the Guatemalan jungle. Are you a fan of Star Wars? If so, you probably remember the rebel base on Yavin 4 on the planet. It is interesting that the films took place in Tikal!
- Stonehenge, England
One of the most important prehistoric buildings in Europe is Stonehenge. There are huge megalithic rings in the south of England, which, according to scientists, are of the Neolithic and Bronze Age! These stone strands and the rings formed from them were built in 3100-2000. before our era! Stonehenge is a place that raises more questions than answers. It is still unclear how much more than 50 tons of stone boulders were brought to this area. It is believed that this complex was used for astronomical purposes, however, scientists are still not completely sure about this.
- Great Wall of China
In this list, I can’t exclude the Chinese symbol – the Great Wall of China. This impressive defensive structure began to be built 220 m. before our era! It’s a shame, but the original walls are the very little. However, year after year it was improved using stones, earth, trees, bricks and other building materials. Tried to build a wall on hills and rocks to make it look as tall as possible. Today, the length of the wall is 21196 kilometers! It is the longest hand-made building in the world. The Great Wall of China is one of the seven new wonders of the world. It recalls a huge historical period and hides many secrets.