Basil truly is a beautiful plant. It is also a very useful culinary herb that has great uses in the kitchen. It isn’t even difficult to remember what foods basil tastes good in, though there are many.
Basil is a member of the mint family, and like most other mints, it is highly aromatic. Also like most other mints, this plant roots easily and quickly from stem cuttings. Unlike most mints, though, basil isn’t hardy. It needs plenty of moisture when it is growing and is quite sensitive to low temperatures. As a side note, basil originated in Indonesia, Africa, and India and has been used for at least several thousand years.
This probably isn’t of great interest to people who primarily use store-bought dried basil in cooking. Of more interest might be the fact that the oils that give basil its wonderful scent and flavor are highly volatile. They break down and dissipate rapidly when heat is applied.
The importance of this is two-fold. First, for the best aroma and flavor, if basil is dried, the drying should be done without heat. It can be air-dried out of direct sunlight. Even food dehydrators produce enough heat to drive out the volatile oils. Most commercial basil is dried using heat and often it is sold in clear bottles that allow sunlight to further degrade the flavor and aroma. This is why fresh basil tastes much better and more flavorful than dried basil, especially if it is store-bought.
The second importance of what happens to the flavor of basil when it is heated applies directly to cooking with basil. The earlier in the cooking sequence basil is added to cooking food, the less flavor it gives to the food because the volatile oils are driven off by heat. For the best flavor, add basil to cooking foods only in the last 10 minutes or so of cooking.
Foods to use basil with
Basil is probably the best of all partners of tomatoes. In fact, basil and tomatoes that are grown close to each other mutually benefit both plants. Tomatoes and basil also go so well together as food that it is hard to find a tomato dish that doesn’t taste better with basil in it. This particularly includes sauces.
The flavor of onions, garlic, and leek are also enhanced by basil and basil is complementary to oregano, sage, and rosemary. As a rule, if these three herbs are used in a dish, basil can be added. Since basil doesn’t have a strong flavor, other seasonings can tend to overwhelm the flavor of basil.
Basil can also be used with green beans, corn, in egg dishes, soups and stews, in some desserts, and it is excellent when added fresh to green salads. It is a prime ingredient in tomato-based sauces, like spaghetti sauce, taco sauce, and chili sauce.
Basil is healthy
People have used basil for a long time in medicinal ways. It has been used to relieve stomach aches, acid stomach, gas, and to stimulate the appetite. Tea made from the leaves is also a mild treatment for minor headaches and to help induce sleep.
The nutritional value of basil is minimal, primarily because so little of it is used. Two tablespoons of fresh basil have about one calorie. However, it does contain vitamin A, C, Calcium, Manganese, Magnesium, Iron, and copper. It also contains Omega-3 fatty acids. All of this is great, but the quantities of these substances are low because of the small amount of basil that is normally used.
As a tip, in cooking, a cup of chopped fresh basil is roughly equivalent to a half of an ounce of dried basil, though the flavor is far better.
Basil is a wonderful addition to foods, especially those that contain tomatoes. This herb is good in vegetable dishes, sauces, soups, and stews. It is wonderful in omelets.
This is an herb that should be found in all kitchens and it is worth growing. Do you like using basil in your foods?
its nice to see those beautiful basil
I love basil, too. It is one of my favorite herbs and I love the smell of it.
Great post, very informative as always!
I’m always pleased when people get something out of it.
I definitely understand that feeling 🙂
I quite adore the flavour of this herb. Unfortunately I’ve never had great success growing it, and it is quite expensive to buy fresh, so I don’t get to enjoy it as often as I would like. Its dried version is a waste of space, as far as I’m concerned. I’ll try and grow it again this spring, perhaps from a cutting rather than from seeds as previously – wish me luck!
I do wish you much success! I’ll tell you a little secret, too. I’ve never been very successful when growing basil from seed. The flip side is that I’ve never had difficulties propagating from stem cuttings. Three or four years ago, I grew a basil plant in a big pot. It exploded in growth and the only way to control it was to take a bunch of stem cuttings. I knew that would cause it to bush out. I just rooted and planted the stem cuttings. I actually purchased the basil as a seedling and paid $3.99 for it. I ended up with six basil plants and sold another six for $1 each, in a yard sale. People thought they were getting a really good deal, and they actually were, but the net result was that I made money on the $3.99 investment and still had lots of fresh basil.
Nice 🙂 Great when everyone comes out a winner. Right, I’ll definitely try growing from a cutting this year.
Basil is my favorite among herbs. However mostly I get and use it in dry form. I have tried growing it inside but have not been successful. If I see it anywhere in stores I will buy another plant and have a go at it.
If you are growing basil indoors, here are a couple tips. Use potting soil that drains well so the roots don’t sit in water, and lightly fertilize the soil. Also, the plants might grow better under fluorescent bulbs than next to a window. They are light-loving plants. They are also sensitive to changes in their environment.
I use it a lot, i have his and other herbs in pots 🙂
I use it a lot, too. About the only herb that I use more in cooking is oregano.
My sister always had a herb garden outside her kitchen window. I called her Martha Stewart! She could cook anything. And she used basil in a lot of her dishes.
It definitely sounds like she knew her way around the kitchen and was a great cook!