Bengal Tigers used to roam across the length and breadth of India in the hundreds of thousands, although they were largely centered around the state of Bengal, hence the name Bengal tiger. They are the largest members of the cat family.
However, over the last 100 years, three of eight tiger subspecies have become totally extinct, as the direct cause of trophy hunting sport and forest destruction which have reduced populations from many thousands of cats to fewer than 2,500 and are found in a sanctuary called Umaria. The most common tigers, the Bengal, living in India account for about fifty percent of all wild tigers on the planet.
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