I Had a Little Nut Tree: the meaning behind a traditional nursery rhyme

Many traditional English nursery rhymes have their origin in actual historical events. “I had a little nut tree” is one such.

The rhyme

I had a little nut tree

Nothing would it bear

But a silver nutmeg

And a golden pear.

The King of Spain’s daughter

Came to visit me,

And all for sake

Of my little nut tree.

Her dress was made of crimson

Jet black was her hair,

She asked me for my nut tree

And my golden pear.

I said “So fair a princess

Never did I see;

I will give you all the fruit

From my little nut tree.”

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(Princess Catherine)

 The meaning

This simple nursery rhyme refers to the dynastic marriage between Catherine of Aragon (daughter of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain) and Prince Arthur, the son and heir of King Henry VII of England.

The speaker of the rhyme can therefore be taken to be Prince Arthur, or his father, or the whole of England.

The marriage plans went awry when Prince Arthur died within a year of the 1501 marriage. King Henry, who was always careful where money was concerned, did not want to return Catherine’s dowry so he quickly proposed Plan B, which was that she should marry King Henry’s younger son, also named Henry, when the latter was old enough (he was not yet 11 years old when Arthur died).

<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Source</a>

(Prince Arthur)

The nut tree is therefore the source of the wealth of England that King Henry was willing to trade with Spain. Nutmeg refers to the spices that English trade with the Far East was bringing in, and pears are shorthand for England’s agricultural produce.

These commodities are England’s silver and gold, in that Henry was hoping to use it in order to acquire some of the wealth that Spain was accumulating as a result of its explorations in the Americas. Henry may have regretted that he had turned down the chance to finance Christopher Columbus’s voyage in 1492, and been mindful that it was Ferdinand and Isabella who had done so and that they were now reaping the benefits. He now had an opportunity to repair some of the damage.

As far as England was concerned, “all the fruit from my little nut tree” was a price well worth paying for a share in the wealth of the Americas.

It was a decision that was to have far-reaching consequences. The eventual break-up of the marriage of Catherine and Henry VIII led to the English Reformation and religious conflicts that would cost many lives during the decades that followed.


What do you think?

11 Points

Written by Indexer


  1. The origins of nursery rhymes have always been interesting to me, although I wasn’t familiar with this particular rhyme. Someday I may find my copy of the Annotated Mother Goose that explained all these, if I still have it. Thanks for sharing your knowledge with us.

  2. Fascinating. I don’t know that rhyme. I do wonder about the mechanism by which a poem about current or recent events becomes a children’s rhyme, losing all but its superficial meaning. I’ve heard that “Ring a ring a rosy” has its origins in a description of the Black Death, though I don’t know how true that might be.

    • The `Ring a ring of roses` (to use its British title) story has been disproved, on the grounds that no trace of it has been found prior to the 19th century, and the so-called symptoms of plague are simply not true. So you are perfectly right to be sceptical!

      • Okay, thanks for the info! (I’m sure `Ring a ring of roses` is equally its Irish title, if such a thing can be said to exist. I was just remembering how I had heard it sung 🙂 )

    • Through most of history, speaking against the ruler was treason – which could carry a death penalty. This made discussion of national affairs pretty delicate, but of course people wanted to discuss things and make the kind of sarcastic remarks that we do about the news. Entertainers would make up these allegorical songs & travel around with them; they did theatrical sketches & cartoons, too. It gave people a chance to say “What a blithering idiot” without risking their necks.

      In countries that still have, or recently had “thought policing” governments, there’s often a strong tradition of travelling musicians with quick-witted narrative skills.

      I love hearing the origins of nursery rhymes – thanks, Indexer!