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Sky Sunday – Over the sea

Clouds above sea in La Coruña Spain.

And now a little cloud information:

The first truly scientific research was undertaken by Luke Howard in England and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in France. Howard is a methodical observer with a solid base in Latin, who in 1802 used to classify different troposphere clouds. He believes that changing cloud forms are the key to weather forecasting. In the same year, Lamarck worked independently on the classification of clouds and proposed another naming scheme, which, however, was not required even in his home country, since he used unusual French names for cloud types. Its nomenclature includes twelve categories of clouds with names such as “hazy”, “colorful” and “broom”. At the same time, Howard uses common Latin and his nomenclature is quickly adopted. The popularity of Howard’s nomenclature is such that the German poet with an interest in the natural sciences, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, wrote four poems about the clouds, dedicating them to Howard. Howard’s system was formally adopted at the International Meteorological Conference in 1891. It covers only tropospheric cloud types, with the discovery of higher clouds at the end of the 19th century leading to the creation of a separate classification scheme for them.

© Elenka Smilenova 2019 – All Rights Reserved

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