20 Sep 2004
Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, Illinois
Pentax Optio 555
The Eastern Black Rhinoceros is also known as the East African Black Rhinoceros.
Order PerissodactylaFamily RhinocerotidaeDiceros bicornis michaeli
The species, considered endangered, once ranged through Ethiopia, Somalia, Tanzania and Kenya, however, as of 2017, they were no longer found in Ethiopia. There are not many in the rest of its range. There were only 594 individuals in Kenya and an additional 80 in Rwanda and northern Tanzania. In addition there are 60 animals in the Addo Elephant National Park in South Africa. Despite the low numbers, the population was even lower prior to 2010.
The Eastern Black Rhino is longer than the southern subspecies. It can reach a length of 12 feet and is 5 feet tall at the shoulders. It weighs about 3,000 pounds. Its bigger horn – there are two – is longer (up to 28 inches) and more curved and its skin is more deeply grooved. It is also the most aggressive of the four Black Rhino subspecies. (Males are territorial, females are not.)
Like other rhinos the Eastern Black Rhino lives on a diet of plants including leafy plants, branches and even thorny bushes. It also eats fruit.
Their skin is home to a wide variety of parasites and they have a symbiotic relationship with Tickbirds and Egrets who eat them off their skin. The horns, which are composed of compressed hair, are for defensive and display purposes.
The female carries their young for 15 or 16 months. At birth the babies weigh about 85 pounds.
Editing was done using ACDSee Ultimate 2020. I adjusted the lighting and increased the contrast, clarity and vibrance. Then I adjusted the levels.© 2004 Gary J. Sibio. All rights reserved.
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