The common quinine is a tree up to 8 m high or with a bushy habitus. The leaves are regular, prolonged oval, with a length of 2 to 5 cm and a width of 1.5 to 2.5 cm. In addition to the central tube, two arched side veins protrude from the base of the heel. The periphery of the leaf is slightly jagged and the natives are modified in the spines. The flowers are bipolar, small, yellow-green and appear in groups at the base of the leaves. The fruit has a stone up to 3 cm in length. It is spherical or elongated in red-brown color and has a pleasant taste. The natural range of the common quinine is East Asia.
It reaches 4-10 m tall. He lives for about 100 years. There are specimens up to 300 years old. He began to fertilize in the third year. Stem, branches, and crowns have a specific curvature that makes the kinapa suitable for decorating parks and gardens.
It survives great heat during the summer. He loves loose and lime soils with good drainage.
Fruits contain many valuable nutrients for the human body: sugars, proteins, acids, fats. Especially rich are cobalt, iodine, iron. Extremely high is the vitamin C content. In addition to food, fruits are used as a remedy for diseases of the respiratory and digestive systems.
Its fruits have the ability to lower arterial pressure, regulate cholesterol. The extracts of its stones have sedative effect. The leaves have a unique effect – they suppress the sweet taste (after a chewed sugar the sugar has a taste of sand for a few hours). Many Chinese, Japanese and Middle Asian scientists have been studied, but the mechanism of hypotensive action is not clear yet.
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