To give an example; imagine needing a bunch of highly trained employees for your business. You invest in training, doing all you can to get the best and brightest.
Your business is booming, getting stronger, and you focus on insuring that you have a constant supply of employees as you expand.
This was the Cold War mentality.
Now Imagine you realise you don’t need so many highly trained people. You have to get rid of a third of your workers.
This is the Post Cold War mentality.