Before Winston can analyse, O’Brien says;
“The second thing for you to realize is that power is power over human beings. Over the body but, above all, over the mind. Power over matter — external reality, as you would call it — is not important. Already our control over matter is absolute.’
Winston asks; ‘But how can you control matter?’ ‘You don’t even control the climate or the law of gravity. And there are disease, pain, death –‘
O’Brien silenced him; ‘We control matter because we control the mind. Reality is inside the skull.”
This fact is something people have struggled with and only a few realise the truth, that what a person thinks is real may not be. The perception of reality may differ from person to person, culture to culture. It depends on how stupid a population is; how limited their education and access to information.
” There is nothing that we could not do. Invisibility, levitation — anything. I could float off this floor like a soap bubble if I wish to. I do not wish to, because the Party does not wish it. You must get rid of those nineteenth-century ideas about the laws of Nature. We make the laws of Nature.’