RED stands for Radio Equipment Directive. It is a European Directive that is a part of the CE Marketing Directives. This is used to apply on all devices emitting radio waves like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and so on. As the name suggests, the Radio Equipment Directive requires radio equipment in order to use the radio spectrum in the best possible manner. It also needs radio equipment to support its efficient use. It is highly important for communication devices to follow regulations in a way that the equipment can be easily placed on the market of any other European Union Member statue without any hassle.
Radio Equipment Directive or RED requires any equipment that has the capability to function as a transmitter in order to produce radio waves do not harm or interfere and help in avoiding unwanted radio wave emissions that might harm interference. In addition to this, it also needs receivers to work as per the functions and resist interference from nearby or shared radio equipment and to support the effective functioning of nearby or shared devices.
In general, there are several types of products that come under the Radio Equipment Directive, including cell phones, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi devices, GPS receivers, televisions, domestic radio sets, mobile radio transreceivers. In addition to this, there are certain products that are not covered under the Radio Equipment Directive. These products are:
- Equipment used for activities concerning public or state security
- Marine Directive Equipment
- Equipment for beginners
- Equipment used for air traffic management or civil aviation
- Evaluation kits made for research as well as development facilities
Radio Equipment Directive – Things to Know
The primary aim of this new regulation was to improve market surveillance as well as raise the number of products meeting compliance needs. The Radio Equipment Directive ensures all radio devices within its remit are compatible for use in the EU. This can be done via a regulatory mandate of standard technical needs and requirements for telecommunications apparatus, which allow approved equipment to be sold without restricted between countries in the European Economic Area (EEA). Take a look at some of the main changes in the Radio Equipment Directive:
- No provision for Telecom Terminal Equipment (TTE)
- No lower limit to the spectrum of radio frequency. Under the RTT&E Directive, the range covered was between 9 kHz and 300 GHz.
- LVD safety obligations – there is no voltage limits for radio equipment
- There is no alert sign
- Provision for universal chargers to identify wastage
- Regulation of the activities of Notified Bodies
- It is mandatory for a manufacturer to inform the Notified Body of all modifications to the product that may affect compliance
- Pure radio sound as well as radio TV receive-only equipment
- Equipment operating below 9 kHz falls within the scope of the radio equipment directive
- Radio-determination equipment comes under the scope of the radio equipment directive
There are some scopes of Radio Equipment Directive that include all radio receivers, equipment capable of being connected to the public telecommunication networks, terminal adapters, telephones, modems, cordless, mobile phones, and so on. In addition to this, RED scope excludes Amateur radio kits, marine equipment, equipment for military, police, and state-security, airborne components and products, pure wired telecom terminal equipment, custom built evaluation kits, and more.