What is Concrete?
Concrete is a composite material that is usually composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement that gets hard over time. When the aggregate is mixed with dry Portland cement and water, the mixture forms a slurry fluid that is easily poured and molded into shape.
Concrete is one of the most frequently used building materials. The largest segment of the concrete market is projected to exceed $600 billion in revenue by 2025. Concrete is one of the most durable and sustainable building materials.
It also gives fire resistance as compared to other materials used for construction and gains strength over time. You should understand that concrete is the most used material in the field of constructions than any other material just because of its durability and strength it can hold. The flooring keeps you free about things like high heels, pet claws or furniture damaging the surface because it’s very strong.
What is Concrete composition?
Concrete is a somewhat composite material, which comprises a matrix of aggregate and a binder, which holds the matrix together. There are many types of concrete which are available in the market, distinguished by the proportion of binders and the types of aggregates used to suit the application of the material. The proportion of binders and types of aggregates determines the strength, their density, and the chemical equation and the thermal resistance of the finished products. Aggregate consists of gravel or crushed rocks such as limestone or granite along with the sand and cement is the most widespread kind of concrete binder. Other materials can also be used in the form of concrete binder and the most prevalent alternative is asphalt.
Types of Concrete
- Pervious Concrete – Pervious Concrete is a mixture of some aggregate, cement, and water with some fine aggregates like sand. Pervious concrete is also known as porous concrete.
- Nano Concrete – This is a product of high energy mixing of cement, sand, and water. The mixing must continue to be a long process to yield net specific energy. In this process, the intense mixing of cement and water with sand particles provide dissipation by the mixture and increase shear stresses on the surface of cement particles.
- Microbial –Bacteria increase the compression strength of concrete through their biomass. Not all bacteria increase the strength of concrete significantly with their biomass.
- Polymer –This is the last type of concrete which is the mixtures of aggregate and any of various polymers and it can also be reinforced. Polymer concrete takes the advantage as they have strength even without reinforcement. This type of concretes is mainly used for repairs and construction of drains.
How concrete is decentralized?
Many processes can cause damage to concrete, which includes the expansion of corrosion products of the steel reinforcement bars, freezing to trapped water, aggregate expansion, sea water effects, fire or radiant heat, bacterial corrosion, leaching and many more.
Why concrete is good for Flooring?
Out of all the materials that can be used for flooring, concrete is the best option anyone will opt for. Concrete flooring is very durable which makes it difficult to damage. The reason for choosing concrete flooring as an ecofriendly option is just because of a concrete subfloor already exists beneath another flooring material. Concrete flooring also has the advantage that it requires less maintenance. All you need to do is just seal or wax the flooring after some months and it will be shining.
To gain information on concrete this article will be enough to have all the points about concrete in a nutshell.