Do you search for new sofa or armchair? Or maybe even a bed, or just a chair? And do you think what should be your furniture upholstery? Do you know how to separate a good cotton fabric from bad? Really reliable – from intensely advertised but poor quality? In fact, fashionable, from the one that is suggested and advertised?
All materials used today in the furniture industry can be divided into two main types:
- Woven (those made by longitudinal and transverse yarns weave).
- Non-woven (obtained by reinforcing layers of yarn in various non-woven materials).
Both types of materials are popular today and are very widely offered by various manufacturers. The fabric design was created by weave colored yarns in different ways. In principle, this way of creating a drawing is still the mainstream of the textile industry.
The quality of the fabric depends directly on the characteristics of the yarn used to it: strength, ability to maintain color, etc. Painting from colored yarns is not the only way to create a fabric color. Let’s take longitudinal yarns (for instance, cotton), and imagine they are not dyed, and the pattern (transversal polyester) was colored. The fabric is immersed in the dye, the temperature of which is calculated for cotton. Color does not work with polyester, this remains unchanged. At that time, the cotton takes the color of the dye. Another way is to paint in two steps when the threads of different raw materials are painted only with the colors they are intended for.
You should not avoid synthetic fibers. Embodied in the age of space technology, modern synthetic fabrics have many advantages: they “breathe”, do not allergize, it is convenient to exploit it. It is compatible with all natural fibers, all of them can be used in the same fabric, and it allows them to gain more and more sympathy, both among soft furniture manufacturers and among ordinary shoppers.
In addition to jacquard fabrics with a complicated weave pattern, chenille is also included, containing one or several chenille yarns. The chenille thread becomes almost indestructible and is well adapted to the overall structure of the fabric. It looks like a fluffy caterpillar.
Chenille can be formed both from one yarn’s type, for example, polyester, or can be mixed: for example, polyester with viscose, cotton or acrylic.
The market for plush fabrics is mainly used in the furniture market. There are various ways of producing these fabrics. The production of velours in a non-woven way is called flocculation, and as a rule, the fabric itself is also called flock.
Flock belongs to non-woven textiles. The art of gluing a finely chopped fluff on a dense textiles backbone with a thin layer of gum was born in China and only in the late Middle Ages was spread throughout Europe. Today, the flock is made using small nylon fluff. The peculiarity of maintaining the flock is that it cannot be cleaned with any alcohol-containing detergents since the glue dissolves and the floc particles are easily removed from the fabric.There are printed and embossed flocks.