Comparison between Cone Crusher and Jaw Crusher

All the heavy machine manufacturing in India has led to its development in the past. There are many heavy types of machinery manufactures in the country which has earned credits all around the globe. There are Jaw crushers manufacturers in India, as well as there are cone crusher manufacturers in India.

These machines are used majorly in the field of construction, metallurgy, chemical and silicate industry, mining, and road building. It’s a no-brainer that the both these machines, i.e. the jaw crusher and the cone crushers find their utility in the crushing process.

A layman is ought to use the names for these machines alternatively, but there are many differences between the two popular machines. Let us walk through a comparative analysis between the cone crusher and the jaw crusher.

Constructional difference:

A Jaw crusher is made up of two jaws- the fixed one and the moving one. The machine is used to crush larger sized rocks in a motion resembling that of a nutcracker. The crushing process reduces the size of the stones. The chute that filters the rocks is built in such a way that it narrows towards the base. This helps in filtering the rocks and allows only a particular size of rocks to pass through.

A cone crusher’s components that is the fixed and the movable cones are similar to that of a jaw crusher. The major operational difference is that the cone crusher utilizes both the cones to grind ores and rocks into smaller pieces. The input is fed in between the two cones and the output is discharged from the discharge hole at the bottom of the cones.

Operational difference: 

A jaw crusher’s mechanism is very simple. The movable jaw drives the movable jaw plate while the fixed jaw does the reciprocating swinging motion. Thus the material gets crushed easily.

A cone crusher, on the other hand, operated on the principle of rotating oscillatory motion. The pressure on the stones acts when in between the two cones. The two cones do the eccentric swinging movement and produce a force strong enough to crush the hard rocks. The bending force, shearing force and friction force result into a strong force which ultimately breaks the rocks.

Input and output materials:

A Jaw crusher is used for the purpose of primary crushing. Thus the stones fed as input are of a large size. A jaw crusher is able to crush a material in the range of 125 mm to 1500 mm.

A cone crusher is used for secondary crushing. The input to the cone crusher is much smaller and fragmented than that in the jaw crusher. The granularity of the materials that are crushed in the cone crushers is about 35mm to 350 mm. A cone crusher is best suitable for crushing of materials with high hardness like granite, marble, pebbles, dolomite, rhyolite, and diabase.


A Jaw crusher is used in the fields of quarrying, mining, recycling, infrastructure, and construction. It plays the primary role in the crushing of huge stones.  Some of the features of the Jaw crushers are:

  • Used for crushing coarse materials.
  • The throughput of the jaw crusher is 5-1200 t/h of the input.
  • The Jaw crushers undergo minimal movement and the impact is more.
  • The input is made through the closed side settings. This helps in taking into account the feed material’s characteristics.
  • The huge boulders are cut down to a manageable size in the jaw crushers.

A cone crusher is used for the secondary crushing which has the output of medium to fine crushing. Some of the features of the cone crusher are:

  • The diversity in the crushing cavity in the cone crushers is amazing. It lets you select the cavity type based on your needs.
  • The capacity of the crusher is 12-2020 t/h.
  • The cone crushers having the standard cavity are used in operations of medium crushing. The cone crusher with a medium headed cone is suitable for fine crushing production while the crushers with a short head cone are used for ultra-fine crushing.
  • The cone crushers usually have a high capacity and high efficiency.
  • The repair and maintenance costs of the cone crushers are usually low.

Variants available:

Jaw crusher manufacturers in India manufacture jaw crushers in 4 variants. The four types of Jaw crushers are:

  • CJ series jaw crusher
  • HD German jaw crusher
  • PE series jaw crusher
  • PEX series jaw crusher and mobile jaw crusher

Although the utility is same, different jaw crushers have different sizes and technologies linked to them.

Come crusher manufacturer in India manufacture the cone crushers in 6 different model.

  • spring cone crusher
  • Symons cone crusher
  • GYS series hydraulic cone crusher
  • CS cone crusher (single cylinder hydraulic cone crusher)
  • HP cone crusher ( HP series multi-cylinder hydraulic cone crusher)
  • Mobile cone crusher.

There are many differences between the Jaw crusher and the cone crusher but both find high utility in crushing processes. They are used for different purposes and have great significance.


What do you think?

Written by Addie Davison

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