An ophthalmologist suggests a corneal transplant when the patient’s cornea is damaged or scarred. The transplant will replace the damaged cornea with a new donor cornea tissue.
Type Of Cornea Transplant
There are two types of cornea transplants that are done. These are the traditional method and the back layer method.
Traditional Method– In the traditional cornea transplant procedure the full thickness of the cornea is replaced and it is known as the penetrating keratoplasty.
Back Layer Method– The back layer procedure is the process in which a portion of the cornea is replaced and is called the endothelial keratoplasty.
The entire process is done in a well-equipped eye hospital or clinic where a trained and experienced doctor conducts the treatment. The grafting is done using a healthy corneal tissue from the local eye bank. This is why corneal transplant operation depends on the availability of the donor cornea.
Cost Of The Treatment
In case you need a corneal transplant, consult with a reputed ophthalmologist. The evaluation reports of the eye test will determine if you are suitable for a corneal transplant. The eye specialist will let you know the details of the treatment cost and where to get it done.
Corneal transplant cost in Delhi is very affordable and the service is of world-class standard. One should always research thoroughly before finding the right eye hospital.
Why Do You Need A Corneal Transplant?
If the cornea becomes unhealthy, it will affect the vision and will also affect the overall well being and mental health of the person.
Damaged cornea causes blurred vision, pain and glare. The misshapen cornea will also distort your vision, making an individual permanently blind over time.
What Affects The Cornea’s Health?
The conditions affecting the health of the cornea and increase the risk of cornea failure are as follows:
- Scarring from eye herpes, a fungal infection.
- Scarring from eyelashes that are inwardly grown.
- Fuch’s dystrophy.
- Age-related corneal tissue degeneration.
- Complications from LASIK surgery (though rare).
- Injury and trauma,
- Chemical burns.
- Cataract complications.
What Is The Corneal Transplant Procedure?
Patients who will undergo corneal transplant have to wait till donor tissue is available. The doctor will inform you about the donor cornea availability.
Next, after the donor cornea is received it is checked thoroughly for any signs of disease or deformity. Only a healthy cornea can be used for the treatment.
The type of anesthesia administered by the doctor depends on the patient’s condition. Sometimes general anesthesia is given, but mostly this operation is carried out with local anesthesia.
In local anesthesia, the patient is normally awake during the procedure while the damaged tissue is removed and a new one is placed. The procedure is safe and painless. Most of the patients can go back home on the same day.
Corneal tissue transplant operation treats various corneal conditions. All you have to do is wait for the donor tissue. Apart from that one has to undergo the surgery in a proper and recognized eye hospital.