The Magnificent Taj Mahal is a mausoleum, which is the most visited place in India. It is known as one of the World’s wonders. Also it is famous for being the jewel of Muslim art in India ,and it is admired all over the world. Furthermore, authorities do the best to protect the temple from the pollution, as it can damage the structure. Therefore, no vehicles are allowed there. You have to go by foot or take an electric bus.
See for yourself why this is the most famous religious temple and get to know more!
Amazing facts about Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal was commissioned by Shah Jahan in 1631, to be built in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. She was a Persian princess who died giving birth to their 14th child. The Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632. The imperial court documenting Shah Jahan's grief after the death of Mumtaz Mahal illustrate the love story held as the inspiration for Taj Mahal. The principal mausoleum was completed in 1643 and the surrounding buildings and garden were finished about five years later. Today it is very famous place.
The Taj Mahal incorporates and expands on design traditions of Persian and earlier Mughal architecture. The tomb is the central focus of the entire complex of the Taj Mahal. It is a large, white marble structure standing on a square plinth and consists of a symmetrical building with an iwan (an arch-shaped doorway) topped by a large dome and finial. Like most Mughal tombs, the basic elements are Persian in origin.
The most spectacular feature is the marble dome . The dome is nearly 35 meters high which is close in measurement to the length of the base, and accentuated by the cylindrical "drum" it sits on which is approximately 7 meters high. Because of its shape, the dome is often called an onion dome or amrud . The top is decorated with a lotus design which also serves to accentuate its height.
The garden that surrounds this temple is about 300-metre square big. The garden uses raised pathways that divide each of the four quarters of the garden into 16 sunken parterres . Halfway between the tomb and gateway in the center of the garden,there is a raised marble water tank with a reflecting pool positioned on a north-south axis to reflect the image of the mausoleum.