The volcanoes are dangerous and beautiful, mysterious and non-existent. They have a common, dangerous line – their eruptions often cause cataclysms. The year 2002 in Europe will be remembered by the eruption of Etna in Sicily and by a great tragedy when the entire class remained under volcanic ash. In 2002, the mountains were trembling in Russia, Indonesia, Mexico, Ecuador, Papua, New Guinea, the Philippines, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Chile, New Zealand, Alaska, Guatemala, Congo, Japan, and Iceland.
In a long history, there are many, unfortunately, “volcanic” years to remember. Year 79 A.D. the eruption of Vesuvius in Pompeii – for only less than two hours 16,000 people died. In 1815, under the ashes of the Tambora volcano, on the island of Sumbawa, 47,000 people died from the east by Jave … some data say there were 92,000 dead people!
Volcanic eruptions in Indonesia are specific. The volcanoes are simply exploding with the power that exceeds the strongest atomic bombs, and the detonation is heard at a distance of 5,000 km. After the explosion of the volcano Krakatau, a part of the island disappeared, and ashes were in the atmosphere for two years, hiding the sun.
On our planet, there are about 1,500 potentially active volcanoes, of which about 500 erupted since people began to follow and write volcanic activity.
Volcanoes are not just a terrestrial phenomenon. Several large volcanoes are on the surface of Mars. Mercury and Venus also show signs of former volcanic activity. The volcanic most active body in the Sun’s system is not the Earth, but Jupiter’s satellite Ija. This celestial body has more than 400 volcanoes, some of which emit smoke and dust up to 500 kilometers into the universe.
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