Puritan colonists from England founded Boston, Massachusetts on September 17, 1630. Early European settlers first called this area Trimountaine, but later decided on to name the town after Boston, Lincolnshire, England. A strict and well-structured Puritan society developed in Boston. They founded the first public school in the U.S. called Boston Latin School in 1635. Boston counted as the largest town in British North America until Philadelphia became larger in the mid-18th century.
Faneuil Hall is known as the “cradle of liberty” and was built by Peter Faneuil, a Huguenot merchant in 1740. It is a market hall that is always open to the public, In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was a meeting place of revolutionaries and later of abolitionists. On the fourth floor of the hall, you can find the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Museum with weaponry, uniforms, and paintings of significant battles.
In the 1770s after the British attempted to put a stronger control on the original thirteen colonies the American Revolution began. Many major battles occurred in the Boston area among them one of the best-known Boston Tea Party. During this time Paul Revere made his famous midnight ride into history. After the Revolution Boston became one of the world’s wealthiest international trading ports. Descendants of old Boston families were looked at as the nation’s social and cultural elites and referred to as the Boston Brahmins.
The Embargo Act of 1807 was adopted during the Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812 and curtailed the harbor activity in Boston. Until the early 1900s, Boston was one of the nation’s largest manufacturing centers and known for its garment production and leather-goods industry. Boston flourished culturally from the mid-19th to the late 19th century. The city also became a center of the abolitionist movement. In 1822 it became official that this was the City of Boston.
In the 1820s came a wave of immigrants and by 1850 about 25,000 Irish lived in the city. There were other immigrants like Germans and Russians as well as others. Boston was divided ethnically with Italians in the North End, Irish in South Boston and Charlestown and Jewish people from Russia in the West End. Catholics made up the largest religious community.
Today you’ll find the Freedom Trail in Boston that leads visitors past 16 of the city’s main historical monuments and sites. This is the city of the final resting places of Paul Revere, Samuel Adams, and John Babcock.
The 1970s brought an economic boom to Boston. Many high rises were built in the Financial District and in Back Bay. As a result, Boston has the second largest skyline in the Northeast after New York City. The city’s many medical institutions lead the nation in medical innovation and patient care. There are many influential medical schools like Harvard Medical School.
In 2004 Boston-based department stored Jordan Marsh and Filene’s both merged into New York-based Macy’s Department Store. With rising housing prices and living expenses going way up Boston has one of the highest costs of living in the U.S. and became ranked as the 99th most expensive major city in the world.