The area where Jefferson City is today dates back to pre-Columbian times. It was home to ancient people that were known as the Mound Builders. When European settlers arrived these ancient people were already history. In the area were the Osage Indians.
The capital was almost called Missouriopolis but then it was decided to name it in honor of Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson City was chosen as the capital of Missouri in 1821 and is located right in the middle of the state. During the Civil War, the city was occupied by Union Troops. In the small town on either side of the Missouri River, German immigrants established vineyards and it became known as the Missouri Rhineland.
In 1836 Jefferson City was chosen to be the site for a state prison called Missouri State Penitentiary.
Today there are a lot of historic places to visit in Jefferson City, Missouri.