Cooking in the kitchen requires a number of monotonous, repetitive actions. So, it’s worth thinking about how to avoid unnecessary movements and functioning, because robots in the kitchen do not yet cook, although the floor is already washed by them.
Ergonomic science has emerged from the need to reduce labor and time costs in factories in order to increase labor productivity at assembly lines so that workers are required to carry out as few as possible repetitive actions and movements. A detailed analysis was made of the human potential and its actions in one or another work. After that, people began to slowly start automating, robots were created to take these actions, and the robots were adapted to the factories.
The ergonomics of kitchen works and cooking began to be researched even in the nineteenth century, but the discoveries of this science were adapted in the home only at the end of the 20th century. The purpose of such research is to find out the most effective sequence of kitchen works and to plan the interior accordingly. Works in the kitchen are carefully explored by furniture and home appliance designers to help customers find the most comfortable furniture and layout.
Kitchen Work Triangle
Over the years, changing the way of people live, it is concluded that the kitchen should be left for one person to cook. In order to set up the microwave and warm up the already cooked food, you need to click just one button. However, for a family luncheons need to do a lot of things – many times to walk between the sink, the fridge, the stove, the oven, the place where the pots are placed, and so on.
Ergonomic studies have revealed the law, which has since become the main principle of the design of the kitchen – the most appropriate arrangement of kitchen equipment so that the distances between the main jobs are small – just one another step. The discovered law was called the “work triangle” – the three corners refer to the cold, humid and hot areas: refrigerator, washer, and stove with oven.
The law of work triangle is taken into account if the kitchen is planned by a designer who knows at least little of his work. Although this is self-evident for each host, you do not need to know the ergonomic science. Perform mechanical actions – take and bring products from a refrigerator, freezer or cabinet, wash them, prepare them and cook them is much easier when walking as far less as possible and nobody gets on your track, and when the furniture is at the correct height.
A kitchen requiring fewer steps does not necessarily have to be a small area. Even in a big and large kitchen areas, the cabins should be positioned so that the host does not have to walk a lot. If there are many household appliances in the kitchen, they should be handled according to the same law of labor triangle – between the most commonly used are the smallest distances.
Different kitchen plans and work triangles:
Parallel Kitchen (corridor shape)
The most popular and most economical layout of kitchen furniture and equipment resembles a ship in which the equipment and desks are arranged in two rows. The kitchen itself can be in a niche and by one end to hit other areas of the dwelling, or its equipment can be closed by a cooking bar in the open room. In any case, the basic principle is respected and the kitchen equipment is placed as compactly as possible.
Stright kitchen (one wall shape)
Another popular layout of the kitchen is the kitchen in one line, where all the equipment is located along one wall. Such a kitchen, when it is not needed, especially if it is located in an open room, is easy to hide under a sliding plane, or the kitchen furniture is compatible with the furniture of the dining room and the living room.
Recently, manufacturers have been offering series kitchens – a complete set of necessary equipment with a uniform finish. You just need to connect the separate parts and connect up the electricity and plumbing. These compact kitchens are small versions of the one-line cuisine. True, one-line cuisine may seem tedious.
U and L shaped kitchens
Other popular types of kitchen interior are the layout of U and L furniture and equipment. The furniture and equipment of the latest design kitchens are located in the middle of the kitchen space – like the islands.
The U-shaped kitchen is comfortable to work because the U-shape itself makes it easy to maintain a comfortable work triangle. In addition, two working surfaces in front of each other make it possible to have a separate workplace for each operation and to use the kitchen area as practically as possible. Another convenience is that it is very convenient to have a table and chairs in the open area.
The L-shaped kitchen is very similar to U-shaped. A shorter end can be used for a breakfast bar or dining table, it will partially cover the kitchen area.
The so-called “kitchen islands” are a set of square or rectangular cabinets and work surfaces combined in one place – a table. However, such a kitchen island is almost impossible in smaller rooms, although it can itself be small. It needs space to be accessible from all sides. Islands can be added to any kitchen layout.
In one movement
Various retractable cabinets are used for ergonomics in the kitchen. It is especially convenient when pull-out drawers are mounted in tall cabinets. Manufacturers of modern kitchens furniture produce fully pull-out and holding up to 60-80 kilograms drawers. Chemical detergents can be stored in the lower boxes. Some manufacturers even add locks so children cannot open it.
In many kitchens, garbage cans or buckets are opened in one movement, they are not even one, but two – one for food waste, the other for non-putrescent garbage. The latest inventions of the kitchen are garbage pipes on the work table, combined with a garbage container under the sink.
Common Mistakes in Kitchen Planning and Ergonomics:
- Invalid cupboard or tabletop height. Humans tend to bend up to the desk, and the lower people tend to raise their hands higher, so when they are uncomfortably bent, the muscles get tired quickly, slow down work, and make things uncomfortable.
- There is not enough space for things and gadgets. Kitchen cabinets and drawers are very common in the kitchen, so it is important that they are enough, and when to open their door, the items will not fall from the shelves.
- Unpleasant corner cabinets. If you need a pot, you have to remove all other things from the deep corner cabinet, you will cook food several times longer and this process will get annoying.
- Lack of workplace light. Lack of light in the workplace where you cook, makes you focus, tighten your eyesight, so it’s natural that you soon get tired and annoyed. This zone requires separate lighting.