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Sandro Botticelli I

Pictures of which we speak are known to almost everyone. Spring and The Birth of Venus painted by Sandro Botticelli, during the life of a very esteemed Florentine painter. These are complex philosophical allegory that has attracted the attention of scientists and lay people alike. There are countless interpretations, so many that the experts can not agree on whether to Venus in spring laughing or sad. Of the many explanations as accurately taken that these pictures represent moral values and philosophical attitudes of the early Renaissance, which will Kokoška try to help clarify. Two Venus neoplathonic world system consists of a celestial (cosmic mind and cosmic soul) and the terrestrial field (the Nature of Matter and area), divided into smaller zones and penetrated by a stream of divine energy. She scatters to the lowest sphere of matter, losing progressively its original splendor, What is the reason for the lack of perfect beauty of the earth. As divine spark passes through the sphere of the planets, each person, animal, vegetable or mineral under the influence of celestial bodies (hence the now trivial initially a cosmological term). Ficino to flow equated not only with beauty but also with love, because love is really the basis of his philosophical system. It is the driving force of the universe, a man who likes to be included in this mystical circulation. Following the example of Plato, Ficino distinguishes two kinds of love that symbolize twins Venus, both equally worthy because aspire to create beauty in different ways. One is the heavenly Venus, born from castrated genitals god Uranus by Kron thrown into the sea. She has no mother belongs completely immaterial sphere (mother-matter) and is a primeval, divine beauty. Other natural Venus, daughter of Zeus and Dione, and it symbolizes the beauty that is manifested in the material world, but also the active principle of creation / procreation. Photo Birth of Venus represents just a myth birth goddess of the sea foam, while the spring a little more complicated topic, but, let’s deal with the first characters. On both pictures we see Venus in the center and three of the same personality – the left side of the Zephyr, the god of spring wind that is after the birth of the goddess took to the island Kythira and then to Cyprus. As in the second picture, he hugged his wife, the nymph Flora, goddess of flowers. On the other side is Hora, the goddess of spring, which prepares cloak her newborn Venus. In spring above it hovers Eros, while the young man all the way to the left Mercury / Hermes, messenger of the gods and next to it are the three Graces, Venus runner and personification of youth, joy and splendor. These are in fact the values that belong to the ideal beauty: Youth is always beautiful, Luxury Lighting intellect, while in man there is always a desire for Joy. They are a common theme in art and always have been painted to play in the round. For Ficino and Botticelli is an image of the deity had to be the most realistic presentation “truth” to reveal its essence and that would have the effect of a talisman. The literary source for the spring was Apulejev Metamorphosis, known as The Golden Ass, the only popular novel of ancient Rome preserved in its entirety, which contained a detailed description of Venus with companions when MMA welded joint court. As a reminder, when Paris asked who is the goddess of beauty, Juno / Hera, Minerva / Athena or Venus / Aphrodite, he decided in favor of the last, which he in turn promised the most beautiful woman in the world – Helena, which is then led to the Trojan War . Apulejev text contains the answers to many questions that have plagued the experts – why all the characters are there and what their positions mean. Sent by Jupiter / Zeus, Hermes has been present at the Paris court and is therefore shown displaying the sky. Venus came last, in all its beauty, wrapped in transparent veil instead of clothes by the wind (Zephyr) attempts to move by blowing. On the one hand the Graces and the other Hore (seasons) that her honor by throwing petals spring, while those with the sounds of the flute begins to swing, bending slightly spine and head to the rhythm of music. Surrounded by his companions, Venus is presented exactly as in Apulejevom description, and that is in the spring really painted by him, the fact that this figure in the conductors of the nineteenth century called just The Paris court. Sent by Jupiter / Zeus, Hermes has been present at the Paris court and is therefore shown displaying the sky. Venus came last, in all its beauty, wrapped in transparent veil instead of clothes by the wind (Zephyr) attempts to move by blowing. On the one hand the Graces and the other Hore (seasons) that her honor by throwing petals spring, while those with the sounds of the flute begins to swing, bending slightly spine and head to the rhythm of music. Surrounded by his companions, Venus is presented exactly as in Apulejevom description, and that is in the spring really painted by him, the fact that this figure in the conductors of the nineteenth century called just The Paris court. Sent by Jupiter / Zeus, Hermes has been present at the Paris court and is therefore shown displaying the sky. Venus came last, in all its beauty, wrapped in transparent veil instead of clothes by the wind (Zephyr) attempts to move by blowing. On the one hand the Graces and the other Hore (seasons) that her honor by throwing petals spring, while those with the sounds of the flute begins to swing, bending slightly spine and head to the rhythm of music. Surrounded by his companions, Venus is presented exactly as in Apulejevom description, and that is in the spring really painted by him, the fact that this figure in the conductors of the nineteenth century called just The Paris court. wrapped in transparent veil instead of clothes by the wind (Zephyr) attempts to move by blowing. On the one hand the Graces and the other Hore (seasons) that her honor by throwing petals spring, while those with the sounds of the flute begins to swing, bending slightly spine and head to the rhythm of music. Surrounded by his companions, Venus is presented exactly as in Apulejevom description, and that is in the spring really painted by him, the fact that this figure in the conductors of the nineteenth century called just The Paris court. wrapped in transparent veil instead of clothes by the wind (Zephyr) attempts to move by blowing. On the one hand the Graces and the other Hore (seasons) that her honor by throwing petals spring, while those with the sounds of the flute begins to swing, bending slightly spine and head to the rhythm of music. Surrounded by his companions, Venus is presented exactly as in Apulejevom description, and that is in the spring really painted by him, the fact that this figure in the conductors of the nineteenth century called just The Paris court.

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