Indira Gandhi, not only famously known as ‘Iron Lady’ in the political battle field of India but also put her irony on the horizon of world politics alike the supreme star(sun) in our global political Universe.
Her life is a paradigm of struggle, challenges and success, which tells the political history of her journey with indomitable adventure. During her tenure, she faced many national and international challenges and wielded a lot of success on every front.
Whether it is the internal conflict of the Congress party, the separatism, the war with Pakistan, the independence of Bangladesh, or any other major issue of this kind. In every case and situation, she introduced her sense of courage to fight patiently to have a victorious end. She will always be remembered for the nationalization of banks, the first pokharan nuclear Test, the first green revolution. The leadership of the Non–aligned Movement and the independence of Bangladesh are also included in her adventurous Political activities with a strong memory of Objective of India Constitution,i.e-‘Nation 1st’.
The country’s first woman Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi was born on 19th November, 1917 in Allahabad city of Uttar Pradesh. Her full and original name was Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi. Her father Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of the country and mother was Kamala Nehru. She taught the initial training in the school of Allahabad. After this she got admission in the Visva-Bharati University of Guru Rabindranath Tagore, Shanti Niketan. It is believed that Rabindranath Tagore named her ‘Priyadarshini’. After this she went to England and sat in the entrance examination of Oxford University, but failed. After this she spent a few months at Badminton School in Bristol. After successful completion of examinations in 1937, she enrolled at Somerville College, Oxford. During that time, she met Feroz Gandhi, whom she knew from Allahabad. Feroz Gandhi was continuing his higher study in those daysat the London School of Economics. Her identity turned a love and then on March 16, 1942, she married Firoz in Anand Bhawan in Allahabad. Her two sons were Sanjay and Rajiv. Later on Rajiv Gandhi also became the popular Prime Minister of the country.
Since childhood, Indira Gandhi had a political atmosphere, which had a profound effect on her character and her life too. After returning to Oxford in 1941, she joined the Indian independence movement. She created a monkey army(bandar sena) for the youth. The appeaser forces also helped her in opposing the protest and flag procession, and also helped the Congress leaders in many sensitive activities in regard to freedom movement, for example, to send sensitive publications and restricted materials to the destination. Her work and contribution can not be ignored in the freedom fight against British. During the beginning of 1930’s, It was the fact that when Indira Gandhi hid an important document , in her study book from her father’s house when her father Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was in the custody of the police, she had reached the destination with this sensitive document without any fear of British. During her tenure at the University of Oxford , she became a member of the Indian League of Independence in London and remained abroad and working for the home country.
In September 1942, she was arrested by the British government. After spending nearly 243 days in jail, she was released on 13 May 1943. During the 1947 partition of the country, she organized refugee camps and arranged food and medical care for millions of refugees from Pakistan. Her work also was well appreciated and this gave him a new identity.
In the year 1950, Indira Gandhi was working as the personal assistant of her father, the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. In the year 1959, she was elected president of the Indian National Congress. She did commendable work for the party. Her father died on May 27, 1964. After this she was elected as a Rajya Sabha member and became the Information and Broadcasting Minister in Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri’s Cabinet.
During the Indo-Pak war of 1965, under the cloud of Cross-Firing near LOC, she did dare to approach Srinagar border area to encourage our Army.
Despite the army’s warning, she did not approve of coming to Delhi and continued enhancing the morale of the Army. Lalbahadur Shastri had gone to Tashkand during that period, where he passed away only a few hours after signing the peace agreement with Pakistan’s Ayub Khan in Soviet mediation.
After this, on January 19, 1966,Indira Gandhi became the third Prime Minister of the country. At that time the Congress was divided into two groups. The socialist Group stood with Indira Gandhi, while the second conservative group was a supporter of MorarjiDesai. Morarji Desai used to call Indira Gandhi as ‘ghungi gudiya’ because she was speaking very little. In the 1967 elections, the Congress got 297 seats in the 545-seat Lok Sabha.
( IMP. NOTE FOR READERS-:It is absolutely an Interesting story that I have been Writing since a week with some R& D for each and every of my ‘Virily’ Family Member-May More Interesting facts yet to come in regard to this IRON LADY in the IInd Part.Be with me patiently-IInd Part is coming soon )